To facilitate financing with other export credit agencies (ECAs), EXIM Bank is actively establishing "One-Stop-Shop" co-financing facilities. "One-Stop-Shop" arrangements allow products and services from two (or more) countries to benefit from a single ECA financing package. Without co-financing, the parties would have to make separate financing arrangements with two (or more) ECAs to ensure support for exports from various countries. The country with the largest share of the sourcing and/or the location of the main contractor will generally determine which ECA leads the transaction. EXIM Bank's co-financing option allows U.S. exporters to compete with exporters from other countries that offer similar arrangements.
The lead ECA will provide export credit support for the entire transaction and will arrange for support from the follower ECA behind the scenes. As a result, the lead ECA is able to provide one set of documents, one set of terms and conditions, and one set of disbursement and claims procedures for the entire transaction. The buyer will beneﬁt from the ease of a streamlined ﬁnancing package as the involvement of the follower ECA should be invisible to the buyer.
EXIM Bank as the Lead ECA
As the lead ECA, EXIM Bank will provide its standard cover for the entire transaction under its guarantee or insurance program. EXIM Bank will seek a separate ﬁnancial commitment (e.g., reinsurance) from the follower ECA for the value of the exports to be covered by it. EXIM Bank will require use of its standard insurance or guarantee documentation, appropriately modiﬁed. Certain EXIM Bank policies, such as U.S. vessel shipping requirements (MARAD), would not apply to the follower ECA supported portion. In the case of economic impact and environmental reviews, however, EXIM Bank will continue to evaluate the entire project to ensure compliance with statutory and policy requirements.
EXIM Bank as the Follower ECA
As the follower ECA, EXIM Bank will provide a commitment to the lead ECA for the U.S. portion. Prior to EXIM Bank approval of the transaction, the U.S. exporter will be required to complete and submit a Co-ﬁnancing Certiﬁcate to EXIM Bank which will provide U.S. content information and conﬁrm compliance with statutory and policy requirements. The lead ECA will be responsible for documenting the transaction and administering disbursements using its standard procedures. EXIM Bank will require, however, compliance with U.S. vessel shipping requirements with respect to the U.S. exports. The U.S. exporter will be required to submit a revised Co-ﬁnancing Certiﬁcate to EXIM Bank if there are material changes to U.S. content or to the other certiﬁcations.
Co-ﬁnancing Agreements with other ECAs
EXIM Bank currently has a bilateral agreement with ASHR'A (Israel), Atradius (The Netherlands), BPIFrance (successor to Coface) (France), CESCE (Spain), EDC (Canada), EFIC (Australia), EGAP (Czech Republic), UKEF (formerly ECGD) (U.K.), EKF (Denmark), Euler Hermes (Germany), JBIC (Japan) and NEXI (Japan-EXIM lead only) SACE (Italy), SERV (Switzerland), and Turk Eximbank (Turkey-EXIM lead only) and is in discussions with other ECAs to sign additional framework agreements. EXIM Bank will consider co-ﬁnancing transactions without a formal bilateral agreement on a case-by-case basis. In fact, EXIM Bank has concluded a number of one off co-ﬁnancing arrangements with GIEK (Norway), H-EXIM (Hungary) and ONDD (Belgium). EXIM Bank reserves the right to decide case-by-case whether to structure deals as co-ﬁnancing transactions.
Note: The EXIM Bank NEXI agreement currently allows for EXIM Bank to lead in every case. However, the goal is to revise it over time to make it reciprocal.
Co-ﬁnancing Associated Contracts
Where EXIM Bank is the lead Export Credit Agency, the co-ﬁnanced amounts are expected, in the ordinary course, to be provided by (a) the U.S. exporter sourced through a subcontract (single export contract), or (b) a subsidiary or affiliate of the U.S. exporter (multiple export contracts – related companies).
EXIM Bank will consider co-ﬁnance coverage of "Associated Contracts" for exports provided by non-U.S. companies under a separate export contract ("Non-U.S. Exporter") under a co-ﬁnancing structure, if the exports are part of an integrated system with the following characteristics:
- U.S. Exporter has the leading role. The leading role would be evidenced by involvement by the U.S. exporter in (a) the project planning, management and coordination of the U.S. and co-ﬁnanced project elements and (b) in the application for or use of co-ﬁnancing. The U.S. should have the largest share of the ﬁnancing; and
- Competitive Benefit to U.S. Exporter. Ability to offer single ﬁnancing package was necessary to allow the U.S. exporter to win the export contract (U.S. exporter beneﬁt). (Ineligible: where the primary beneﬁciary of co-ﬁnancing is the borrower, lender and/or Non-U.S. exporter, not the U.S. exporter); and
- Single Project. A distinct and integrated project (e.g., combined cycle power project); and
- Legal Compliance - Certifications. Conﬁrmation from each U.S. exporter and the non-U.S. exporters that all are willing to provide appropriate exporter certiﬁcations to EXIM Bank.
- With respect to each U.S. exporter, inclusion of the co-ﬁnanced exports sold by the U.S. exporter, its aﬃliates or subsidiaries, if any, in the exporter's Certiﬁcate and agreement by the U.S. exporter to notify EXIM Bank of material changes (i.e., change in co-ﬁnanced amount exceeding 5%) relating to such co-ﬁnanced exports.
- With respect to each non-U.S. exporter, certiﬁcations analogous to those provided by the U.S. Exporter in the EXIM Bank Exporter's Certiﬁcate, including content and compliance with applicable anti-bribery laws.
EXIM Bank's Office of Policy Analysis and International Relations monitors the Associated Contracts.
Co-Financing Frequently Asked Questions
What are "one-stop-shop" co-financing arrangements?
"One-stop-shop" arrangements offer administrative ease to foreign buyers seeking a single ﬁnancing package for the whole deal when an export sale transaction involves sourcing from more than one country (rather than, for example, an EXIM Bank guarantee of a loan for the U.S. procurement and an UKEF guarantee of a separate loan for the U.K. procurement).
"One-stop-shop" arrangements also reduce the number of parties with whom the buyer/borrower will deal, and thus result in one loan agreement, one fee, and one set of disbursement and claims procedures.
How does it work?
The location of the main contractor and/or the country with the largest share of the sourcing generally will determine which agency will be the lead ECA. Behind the scenes, the lead ECA will ask the follower ECA if it wishes to cover its portion of the exports.
If the follower ECA agrees, the lead ECA provides cover for the whole deal on its usual terms under one loan agreement and will seek a ﬁnancial commitment from the follower ECA. If one ECA is prohibited from supporting business in the buyer's country, then a "one-stop-shop" co-ﬁnancing arrangement cannot be offered. Each ECA reserves the right to approve or deny an application for support based on its own evaluation of the transaction.
Are additional fees imposed?
EXIM Bank will use a case-by-case pricing analysis for all co-ﬁnance transactions. If the premium rate of the ECAs differ, the ECAs can agree that the premium be blended into one rate.
Does it take longer?
No. Since only a single application and a single set of credit documents will be required, the overall time and effort to conclude a "one-stop-shop" transaction should be substantially reduced, compared to arranging ﬁnancing under two separate facilities with two ECAs. At the application stage, it will take a few days for the lead ECA to contact and receive a response from the follower ECA as to whether it is willing to cover its portion of the exports. Once contract negotiations are at an advanced stage, a commitment from the follower ECA is required before the lead ECA can document the transaction and issue its cover. These processes will be carried out simultaneously with the ordinary review and approval process of the lead ECA and are not expected to result in material delays.
What about insurance coverage?
EXIM Bank has years of experience in processing reinsurance transactions.
For information on co-ﬁnancing transactions and case-speciﬁc inquiries, contact the Co-ﬁnancing Coordinator at 202.565.3612 (or by email firstname.lastname@example.org). For information on the co-ﬁnancing agreements and ECA relations, call Claire Avett, Office of Policy Analysis and International Relations at 202.565.3776 (or by email email@example.com). Visit //www.exim.gov.